Anarchofeminism is a philosophy whose main objective is to build an egalitarian, free and hierarchical society, in which people can live autonomously and in harmony. Find out about this current on our blog.

What is anarchofeminism?

anarchofeminism

Anarchofeminism or anarchist feminism is a current of feminism that maintains that the oppression of women is linked to the oppression of the State and other hierarchical institutions.

This theory proposes the abolition of all forms of hierarchy and power, including patriarchy, the State and capitalism, to achieve a more egalitarian and free society, since we still live in a world where we must work for equality and equity. . Look here at the differences between each of them .

Anarchist women have actively participated in anarchist movements and have also developed their own feminist theories and practices within this context.

Anarchist feminism focuses on the creation of new forms of social organization, interpersonal relationships, and political and economic structures that allow women to have greater autonomy and control over their lives.

Some of the most prominent figures of anarchist feminism include Emma Goldman, Voltairine de Cleyre, Federica Montseny and Mujeres Libres.

The theory of anarchist feminism

Gender oppression and patriarchy

In the context of anarchofeminism, gender oppression refers to the systematic subordination and discrimination experienced by women and gender non-binary people in various areas of life, such as the domestic, work, political, and social spheres.

This oppression is based on gender norms, roles and stereotypes that perpetuate inequalities and hierarchies. Therefore, gender prejudices affect both women and men. See the examples here .

Patriarchy, for its part, is a social and cultural system in which power and authority are mostly in the hands of men, who occupy dominant positions and exercise control over resources and decisions.

Patriarchy is based on the idea that men are superior to women and establishes power structures that perpetuate gender oppression.

In anarchofeminism, patriarchy and gender oppression are recognized as part of a broader network of interconnected oppressions, including oppression of class, race, sexual orientation, and other forms of discrimination.

This current seeks to dismantle these oppressive structures and build a society based on equality, autonomy and individual and collective freedom.

To achieve this, anarcho-feminism promotes awareness, solidarity and direct action as tools to challenge and resist oppressive norms and practices.

It also questions traditional institutions, such as the State and patriarchal structures, advocating the construction of horizontal and non-hierarchical relationships.

Criticism of the State and institutions

anarchofeminism

Anarchofeminism criticizes the State and institutions due to their role in perpetuating gender oppression and other forms of oppression.

These criticisms are based on several fundamental points:

  • Maintenance of the status quo : The State and existing institutions are supported by hierarchical and power structures that reproduce and reinforce gender inequalities and other forms of oppression. Established laws, policies and norms often reflect and perpetuate traditional gender roles and unequal power relations.
  • Legitimization of violence : The government holds a monopoly on the legitimate use of violence, which can lead to structural and systematic violence against women and gender non-binary people. Do you know about lesbian feminism? Take a look here . Furthermore, institutions often ignore or minimize gender-based violence and do not provide adequate protection to victims.
  • Subordination and reformism : Anarcho-feminism criticizes the tendency of institutions to dilute feminist demands, turning feminism into a more moderate and acceptable movement for the existing system. Instead of radically challenging oppressive structures, superficial reforms are sought that do not question the foundations of gender oppression.
  • Hierarchy and centralization of power : The State and institutions tend to concentrate power in the hands of a few elites and bureaucracies, which limits the participation and autonomy of people. This makes it difficult to make horizontal decisions and build more egalitarian and autonomous forms of organization.

We could say that anarcho-feminism seeks to challenge and transform these oppressive structures through direct action and the construction of alternatives based on autonomy and solidarity.

The decentralization of power and decision-making based on consensus and the equal participation of all people involved are defended.

Ultimately, anarcho-feminism criticizes the State and institutions because it believes that they cannot be truly free or generate an egalitarian society.

Who practices this current?

anarchofeminism

Anarchofeminism is practiced and defended by various people and groups who identify with its principles and objectives.

There is no single homogeneous group that represents anarcho-feminism in its entirety, since it is a diverse and decentralized movement.

However, some people and groups that may practice or identify with anarcho-feminism include:

  • Feminist anarchists : These are people who adhere to both the principles of anarchism and feminism. They consider that the fight for gender equality is intrinsically linked to the fight against all forms of oppression and seek to build a society free of hierarchies and inequalities.
  • Collectives and activist groups : There are numerous collectives and activist groups that identify as anarchofeminists and work to promote gender equality and fight against patriarchy and other forms of oppression. These groups can carry out direct actions, demonstrations, awareness campaigns and other forms of resistance to promote social change. You too can promote equality by following these actions .
  • Social and community movements : Anarchofeminism can also be found within broader social and community movements, such as anti-racist, LGBTQ+, and social justice movements. People involved in these movements can advocate for gender equality from an anarchist and feminist perspective, seeking social transformation and the construction of more just and equitable relationships.
  • Theorists and writers : Various theorists and writers have contributed to the development of anarcho-feminism through their works and analyses. Some notable feminist figures include Emma Goldman, Voltairine de Cleyre, Silvia Federici, bell hooks, María Galindo and many others. These thinkers have explored the intersections between anarchism and feminism, and have provided theoretical foundations for the movement. We take this opportunity to leave you the books that we should all read and understand .

Objectives of anarchofeminism

anarchofeminism

Autonomy and direct action

Anarchofeminism advocates autonomy and direct action as fundamental strategies to challenge and transform oppressive structures of gender and other forms of oppression.

Here are some key reasons:

  • Individual and collective empowerment : Anarchofeminism seeks to empower people in their ability to make decisions and control their own lives. It promotes individual and collective autonomy, recognizing that each person has the right to determine their own path and define their gender identity and expression without external restrictions. Become an empowered woman with these keys .
  • Rejection of authority and hierarchies : Criticizes the structures of power and authority imposed by the State and other institutions. It advocates the construction of horizontal and non-hierarchical relationships, in which all voices are valued equally and decisions are made collectively and by consensus.
  • Direct action as a form of resistance : Consider that direct action is an effective form of resistance against oppression. Direct action involves active and direct participation in social transformation, rather than relying solely on existing institutions and systems. It may include demonstrations, occupations, strikes, boycotts and other forms of protest and civil disobedience.
  • Building alternatives : It seeks not only to resist and challenge oppressive structures, but also to build alternatives that reflect its values ​​of equality, freedom and autonomy. This may involve creating communities based on solidarity and mutual support, forming self-managed cooperatives, and promoting non-hierarchical practices and relationships in all areas of life.
  • Rejection of dependence on the State : Anarcho-feminism also criticizes dependence on the State as a solution to gender inequalities. Considers that the State and government institutions often perpetuate and reproduce existing oppressions rather than effectively addressing them.

The abolition of gender and the construction of new relationships

feminism

Anarchofeminism seeks the abolition of gender and the construction of new relationships because it considers gender to be an oppressive social construction that limits the freedom, authenticity and equality of people.

Here are the fundamental reasons:

  • Criticism of gender norms : Anarchofeminism questions the gender norms and roles imposed by society, which establish rigid expectations about how people should behave, express themselves, and relate to each other based on their assigned gender. These norms perpetuate inequalities and limit the diversity and freedom of people to be who they really are.
  • Recognition of the multiplicity of gender identities : It defends the idea that gender is not binary and that a wide range of gender identities exists beyond the traditional categories of man and woman. Recognizes and values ​​the diversity of gender experiences and expressions, and advocates for the autonomy of people to define their own gender identity.
  • Overcoming gender hierarchies : Seeks to overcome gender hierarchies that assign a lower value to identities and roles associated with the feminine. It seeks to build egalitarian and non-hierarchical relationships, in which no gender identity is privileged or subordinated.
  • Building relationships based on consent and equality : Promotes the building of new relationships based on consent, reciprocity and equality. It rejects the dynamics of power and domination present in many traditional gender relationships, and advocates for relationships based on free association and mutual respect.
  • Liberation from the limitations imposed by gender : Liberates people from the restrictions imposed by gender, allowing each individual to fully develop and express themselves according to their desires and abilities, beyond gender expectations and stereotypes.

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