Discover the Endometrium: Your Ally in the Menstrual Cycle

The endometrium is the inner layer of the uterus, crucial during every woman's menstrual cycle. At Luna Roja, we want you to learn more about this essential tissue that plays a fundamental role from puberty to menopause.

What is the Endometrium and what is its function?

endometrium, sexual education

The endometrium is the mucosa that lines the inside of the uterus, supported by the myometrium , the internal muscular layer of the uterus. This tissue is vital in the female reproductive system, since the fertilized egg is housed here at the beginning of pregnancy. During a woman's active reproductive life, the endometrium undergoes significant transformations, preparing each cycle for the possible implantation of an egg.

Phases of the Endometrium during the Menstrual Cycle:

  1. Follicular Phase: At the beginning of the menstrual cycle, under the influence of estrogen, the endometrium thickens and becomes vascular. This process prepares the uterus to receive a fertilized egg.
  2. Preovulatory Peak: Just before ovulation, the endometrium reaches a thickness of up to 10 mm, optimizing the conditions for nidation.
  3. Luteal Phase: After ovulation, progestone transforms the endometrium, promoting the formation of new blood vessels. At its maximum, the endometrium should measure between 7 and 14 mm to facilitate implantation.
  4. Shedding: If fertilization does not occur, progestone levels decrease drastically, causing the rupture of the vessels and the disintegration of the upper layer of the endometrium, which is expelled during menstruation.

Composition of the Endometrium

blood, cellular, endometrial, endometrium

The endometrium consists of a simple prismatic epithelium that includes secretory, ciliated and basal cells, supported by connective tissue with uterine glands. This complex structure is renewed every month in response to female hormones.

Care Tips During the Cycle

At Luna Roja, we not only offer you products such as menstrual panties to manage your cycle with comfort and safety, but also education to understand and live in harmony with your body. Taking care of your menstrual health is essential, and understanding the role of the endometrium empowers you to make informed decisions about your reproductive health.

Thick Endometrium: Causes and Consequences

The endometrium, the inner layer of the uterus, plays a crucial role in reproductive health. Although its thickening is normal during the menstrual cycle, sometimes it can present excessive density. At Luna Roja, we explore the reasons behind a thick endometrium and how it can affect your health.

Factors Influencing Endometrial Thickening

  1. Hormonal Treatments: The use of unbalanced hormone replacement therapies, especially in pre-menopause, or medications such as tamoxifen for breast cancer, can cause abnormal thickening of the endometrium.
  2. Health Conditions: Conditions such as overweight, obesity and hypertension are associated with an increase in the thickness of the endometrium. Additionally, genetic factors may also play a role.
  3. Endometrial Cancer: Thickening may be an early indicator of endometrial cancer. It is essential to discuss any significant changes in the menstrual cycle or endometrial density with your doctor.

Thin Endometrium: Complications and Treatments

Why is the thickness of the endometrium reduced?

An endometrium that is too thin can be worrying, especially if you are trying to conceive. Causes of an atrophied endometrium include:

  • The drop in hormones due to low-dose contraceptives or menopause.
  • Conditions that affect blood circulation in the uterus, such as deficiencies in arterial and venous flow.

Impact on Fertility: An endometrium that does not reach a minimum thickness of 7 mm can prevent the implantation of the egg, increasing the risk of spontaneous abortions.

Treatment Options: Hormonal treatments can be effective in increasing the thickness of the endometrium and improving the chances of successful implantation.

Endometriosis: A Common Reproductive Challenge


What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis occurs when endometrium-like tissue is found outside the uterus, causing pain and other symptoms. This tissue can appear in the ovaries, bladder, and other organs, causing an inflammatory reaction that can be severe.

Impact and Treatment of Endometriosis

Although treatment varies, it may include medications for pain management, hormonal therapies to reduce tissue growth, or surgery to remove endometriotic lesions. Early diagnosis is essential to improve the quality of life of those affected.

Endometrial Cancer: A Serious Postmenopause Risk

Characteristics of Endometrial Cancer

This type of cancer, more common after menopause, is characterized by the abnormal proliferation of cells in the endometrium. Although it can appear in younger women, the risk increases with age.

Prevention and Early Detection

Early detection is vital and may involve pelvic ultrasounds and endometrial biopsies. Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, or chemotherapy, depending on the stage of the cancer and the patient's general health.

Endometrial Polyposis: Benign Overgrowths

What are Endometrial Polyps?

Polyps are benign growths that can cause symptoms such as irregular bleeding or increase the risk of infertility. They are often managed with a simple surgical intervention to remove them.

Polyp Management and Prevention

Treatment typically involves polypectomy, a surgical procedure to remove polyps. It is important to perform regular follow-ups to prevent the recurrence of these growths.

Endometrial Ablation: An Option for Excessive Bleeding

heavy menstrual bleeding

What is Endometrial Ablation?

This procedure is recommended for women who experience heavy menstruation and do not plan to have more children. It consists of eliminating or reducing the functional layer of the endometrium to reduce or stop menstrual bleeding.

Considerations Before Ablation

It is crucial to understand that endometrial ablation is not an option for women seeking to preserve their fertility. It should be considered as an alternative when other treatments have not been effective.

At Luna Roja, we are committed to offering you the most up-to-date and useful information about endometrial diseases. If you experience worrying symptoms, do not hesitate to consult your doctor for proper evaluation and effective treatment. Your health is our priority.

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