Menstruation is a process that involves much more than our uterus, vagina and vulva. Our hormonal system, in particular, plays a crucial role, affecting our skin in often unwanted ways.

Hormonal cycles and skin

The hormones estrogen and progesterone significantly influence skin health during the menstrual cycle. Estrogens are key to maintaining good hydration and collagen production. However, after menopause, its decrease can affect these positive factors. Additionally, they can cause changes in skin pigmentation, such as melasma, especially during pregnancy or when taking oral contraceptives.

Progesterone, on the other hand, affects sebum production and can contribute to acne before menstruation. It is also associated with a rare disease known as autoimmune progesterone dermatitis, which presents symptoms such as eczema and hives.

Let's talk about melasma

Melasma, a type of hyperpigmentation common in women, can manifest on the face and other sun-exposed areas. There are three types: epidermal, dermal and mixed, with different characteristics and challenges in treatment.

Melasma is more common in women than men and may be related to hormonal changes, such as pregnancy. It often disappears after childbirth or by reducing estrogen intake.

Causes of melasma

Overproduction of melanin, caused by hormonal changes, UV exposure, genetic factors, and certain medications, can lead to the development of melasma. Sun protection is essential to prevent it or reduce its severity.

Treatments for melasma

treatment for melasma

There are several options to treat hyperpigmentation, including laser therapy, intense pulsed light, chemical peels, and topical products with ingredients such as hydroquinone, glycolic acid, and vitamin C. It is important to consult a dermatologist to choose the most appropriate treatment.

At Luna Roja, we believe in the importance of understanding how our body works to make informed decisions about our health and beauty. Visit La Rouge Skincare for more information and personalized advice.

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